Iakovos Kambanellis was born in 1921 in Hora in the island of Naxos
. Kambanellis was one of the most prominent Greek playwrights of the 20th century and he is considered to be the father of modern Greek theater. As a survivor of the Mauthausen-Gusen concentration camp
, he wrote the lyrics of the "Mauthausen Trilogy
" with music by Mikis Theodorakis
. He has also written a memoir known as Mauthausen,
describing his experiences from the concentration camp. He wrote the scripts of at least 12 films and directed three of them.